Private, SD/3024, 13th Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment
Killed in Action on 21 October 1916 near Serre, Somme, France, aged 39
Buried in Serre Road Cemetery No.2, Somme, France: Grave XI. C. 13

Serre Road Cemetery No.2

Alfred William Sumner was born at Ashurst, Kent (about 2½ miles north-east of Hartfield), in 1877. He lived at 2, New Red House, Cat Street, Hartfield, the son of Albert and Katharine (née Card) Sumner. His father Albert, an agricultural labourer, was born in Frant around 1845. Alfred William had two elder sisters, Kate (born 1873) and Sarah (born 1868). Kate was still living with her parents in 1911, aged 38, and is listed as a domestic servant in Groombridge. In 1901 she was working as a housemaid in Wimbledon for Captain John Todd and his wife Mary. His elder sister Sarah was married in 1884 to George Simmons but continued to live in the area. Her husband was a general labourer and they had 11 children by 1911.

Alfred William married Emma Jane Sumner (née Allchin, and later Crittenden) in 1899, and they had the following children: Edith, born in 1900, and Florence, born in 1902. Emma Jane married Percy Crittenden in 1919 and died in 1955, aged 79. Percy Crittenden's occupation was documented as a carman in the 1911 census and he was also previously married to Sarah. He lived at Green Cottage, Hartfield with his wife and five children. Sarah died in March 1917 aged 40.

Alfred William's pre-war occupation was as a gardener. The Hartfield War Memorial website implies he may have worked for John McAndrew, a shipping magnate who owned Holly Hill and built Holy Trinity, Coleman's Hatch, in 1913.

He enlisted at Eastbourne. He was serving on the Somme in the autumn of 1916 and was killed in action on 21 October 1916 near Serre, aged 39.

The Schwaben Redoubt had been built as part of the fortification of the Somme front by the German 2nd Army (General Fritz von Below) after the open warfare of 1914. On 1 July, the first day of the Somme, troops of the 36th (Ulster) Division occupied part of the redoubt before being forced to retreat by German counter-attacks. British troops were not able to reach the redoubt again until the Battle of Thiepval Ridge (26-28 September), when parties of the 11th Division captured part of the redoubt. The rest of the redoubt was taken by the 25th Division during the Battle of the Ancre Heights (1 October-11 November).

The 13th Battalion of the Royal Sussex Regiment moved into Bainbridge, Zollern and Schwaben Trenches in the Redoubt Right Section on 17 October and started making preparations for the attack on Stuff Trench on 21 October along with the 11th Battalion. The attack was a success and exposed the Ancre valley and Grandcourt to ground observation. Three officers were injured and of other ranks 25 were killed (presumably including Private Alfred Sumner), 71 wounded and 30 listed as missing. These casualties were recorded as being "not unduly heavy".

13th Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment, 1916

On 21 October Alfred William's battalion moved up to the Schwaben Trench where the battalion headquarters were situated. The 8th Suffolks captured Schwabengraben (Schwabian Trench) during the Battle of Thiepval Ridge (26-28 September).

Schwaben Redoubt

Schwaben Redoubt had deep dug-outs for accommodation with multiple entrances, a battalion command post, first aid post, signalling station and strong points, with three heavy machine-guns and four light machine-guns. Many of the dug-outs were on the perimeter, at trench junctions (clockwise from north, using the English names), Irwin Trench (strong points 49 and 69), Lucky Way (strong point 27), Stuff Trench, Hessian Trench (strong point 45), Martin's Lane, the Strasburg Line (strong point 19) and Clay Trench (strong point 99). Inside the redoubt, along an inner trench on the south-west face were strong points 65, 37 and 39. Beyond the south-west face, in the maze of trenches towards Thiepval to the south and St. Pierre Division to the north-west, were nine more strong points.[10] The redoubt was triangular, with an extension to the east across the Thiepval-Grandcourt road and had a frontage of around 500 metres (550 yds).

Graves Registration Report Form

Alfred William Sumner is buried in Serre Road Cemetery No.2, France: Grave XI. C. 13. He is listed on the war memorials in Coleman's Hatch and Hartfield.

Carol O'Driscoll